Periodontal Care in Vista

WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

Periodontal or gum disease is a chronic infection of the gums caused by a buildup of plaque that leads to inflammation and an immune response that triggers red, swollen, and bleeding gums. As gum disease progresses, it will lead to gum recession, loose teeth, pain, and changes in your bite.

The earliest stage of gum disease is gingivitis, which is reversible. However, if it’s left untreated it will develop into periodontitis, where gum recession leads to pockets forming in the gums. Bacteria become trapped in these pockets and the body’s immune response leads to the destruction of bone and soft tissue. Eventually, gum disease leads to tooth loss. If you believe you have gum disease, contact us at Vista Smiles today to schedule a consultation with Dr. Jeffrey Anderson.

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Did you know…

Gingivitis is reversible but often goes undetected due to unnoticeable mild symptoms.

Ready to schedule your appointment?

(760) 631-0007

WHAT TO EXPECT AT YOUR PERIODONTAL CARE APPOINTMENT

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Consultation

You will need to come in for a consultation with Dr. Jeffrey Anderson so he can examine your mouth and take x-rays to look for signs of infection and rule out any other possibilities.

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Diagnosis

Gum disease is diagnosed by measuring pocket depths with a dental probe. Pocket depths that exceed 3 mm indicate the presence of gingivitis and depths greater than 4 mm indicate periodontitis.

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Treatment Plan

Based on what type and stage of gum disease you have, an appropriate treatment plan will be formulated. Early-stage gum disease requires less invasive methods while late-stage periodontitis will take much more complex and invasive surgeries. We can offer you dental sedation for you during your treatment.

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Healing & Recovery

After you undergo your procedure, you will need to return for follow-ups to ensure that the gum disease is completely eradicated. It’s important to replace missing teeth and follow Dr. Anderson’s aftercare and oral hygiene instructions to prevent reinfection and tooth loss.

PERIODONTAL DISEASE TREATMENT OPTIONS

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GINGIVITIS TREATMENT

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and has not yet led to the destruction of bone or soft tissue. If caught early enough, we can get rid of gingivitis with a simple routine dental cleaning. Gingivitis is caused by a buildup of tartar (hardened plaque) and we can remove this with a scaler. 

However, a deep cleaning could be necessary which combines scaling with root planing to smooth out the tooth’s root so bacteria stops sticking. You may need an antibacterial mouthwash and it’s important to fix any ill-fitting dental work so it doesn’t harbor bacteria.

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PERIODONTITIS TREATMENT

Periodontitis is irreversible and leads to the destruction of bone and soft tissue. In the advanced stages, it leads to loose teeth that can fall out. Mild to moderate periodontitis can be treated with a deep cleaning (scaling and root planing). Scaling removes the buildup of bacterial plaque and tartar and root planing allows for easier reattachment of the gums to the teeth. 

In advanced periodontitis, more invasive or surgical procedures will be needed, such as:

  • Gum flap surgery to reduce the size of gum pockets
  • Gum grafting to restore receding gums
  • Bone grafting to regenerate bone growth
  • Laser therapy to target harmful bacteria and stimulate the growth of new bone and soft tissue
  • Guided tissue regeneration to eliminate bacteria while encouraging the growth of new bone and soft tissue with the use of biocompatible fabric, membranes, or proteins.

Did you know…

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A healthy mouth has gum pocket depths between 1 and 3 mm.

Interested in periodontal services?

(760) 631-0007